Toronto, the capital of the province of Ontario, is the biggest city in Canada, situated along Lake Ontario’s northwestern shore. With a population in 2016 of 2,731,571, it is the fourth most populous city in North America after Mexico City, New York City, and Los Angeles It is a dynamic metropolis with a core of soaring skyscrapers, all dwarfed by the iconic CN Tower.
Indigenous peoples have inhabited the area now known as Toronto for thousands of years, with the city itself sitting at the southern terminus of the ancient Toronto Carrying-Place Trail. Permanent European settlement began in the 1790s, after the broadly disputed Toronto Purchase of 1787, when the Mississaugas surrendered the area to the British Crown. The British established the town of York, and later designated it as the capital of Upper Canada. York was renamed and incorporated as the city of Toronto in 1834, and became the capital of the province of Ontario during Canadian Confederation in 1867.
A global city, Toronto is an international center of business, finance, arts, and culture, and is recognized as one of the most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities in the world. While the majority of Torontonians speak English as their primary language, there are over 160 different languages spoken in the city. The diverse population of Toronto reflects its current and historical role as an important destination for immigrants to Canada. Toronto varied cultural institutions, which include numerous museums and galleries, festivals and public events, entertainment districts, national historic sites, and sports activities, attract over 25 million tourists each year
Toronto also has many green spaces and public parks, from the orderly oval of Queen’s Park to 400-acre High Park and its trails, sports facilities, aquarium and zoo. The world’s famous Niagara Falls are only 128 km from Toronto.